Recently, I have read and heard a lot about how we perceive situations and think overall. Two factors that formulate most general classification of cognition are the two I have chosen: subjective and objective. Although, the attributes that give rise to these two classifications are manifold, including social interactions, cultural background, level of knowledge and awareness, state of mind and clarity of situation.
One of the most interesting and applicable approaches I have come across are the Socio-Cognitive Approach. This entails a mixture of both subjectivity and objectivity, although more than state of mind and willingness to believe, it focuses on social and cultural backgrounds.
I agree with this but I question the extent of involvement of these two classifications when it comes to cognition. I believe factors like willingness to believe and accept, emotional and mental stability have a massive influence on the way we see things. This takes affect from the defense mechanisms that take place in our mind all the time to deal with worldly issues including denial and projection: The two I think are most eminent.
The object itself initiates the process of cognition but how that object is perceived and interpreted is based on the mode of transmission of that object’s attributes to the viewee. The background, understanding, knowledge and openness of the viewee also become important here and finally are the mental and emotional capacities. Similar when information flows in a society, its interpreted, used and manipulated in the way of all those who fall in that information’s transmission chain. Thus, the bias and perspectives influence information.
The legitimacy of numerical data is always more than the one put in words, if perspectives are not trustworthy. Otherwise, in social science and in many other cases the rational interpretation is what gives rise to knowledge in Ontological terms. However, it is worth mentioning in general social practice interpretation is not necessarily always RATIONAL.