There’s a reason we are the way we are. It can be perceived as a simple concept of nature- adaptation. People in Africa are dark complexioned to protect against the strong UV, polar bears grow thick fur to survive the intense low temperatures and birds have hollow bones to enable flight. The concept seems to be more applicable and valid than it may seem. It can be expanded to apply on how not only animals and plants but human beings develop and possess habits, capabilities, desires, attractions and fears. The law of science can be stretched to apply to the social science of subject.
Survival of the fittest forms the basis for this adaptation in this case, it can be natural and come from within or be developed over time and with experience. The experiences include not only practical activities, interactions and arrangements but mind set, knowledge, learning and grooming. The perceptions are unique and way people experience other beings, knowledge and experiences is diverse. This diversity is depicted by the educational systems- the very roots of society and of its units as the early education instills and enroots values stronger than innate. This diversity is seen in family structures, lifestyles, work ethics, life patterns and health institutions as well.
Each of the factors in ecosystems- now more urbanized, modernized and complex- for human beings is as effective and influential as it is for the animals and plants. Many of the factors affecting faster and leaving a more lasting effect than it might have, tens of years ago. Technology has paced up everything, even evolution of norms, habits and values, making it easier for individuals to mold into something different. The idea of colonies and community retains as does the concept of extinction.
An ideal example of evolution of norms is the digital divide. The efficiency level of new generation with digital gadgets is distinctively higher than of a person in their middle age. With the use of digital media and gadgets are linked the information individuals receive and activities that make up lifestyles.
Similarly norms, values and habits become extinct with changes in choice, trends and technology. It can be as short term as transitions between facebook, twitter and myspace as the most desired online social networking or as long term as a candle’s use transforming from utility to décor. Individuals always exist in colonies defined by similar traits and patterns but differentiation stands vital to maintain competition. Be it for the desire of recognition, reward or satisfaction of other desires.
A nature so well established, is disrupted by the increasing exchange of people across borders which leads in sometimes healthy or unhealthy mix of habits and norms. The need for acceptance, tolerance and openness towards cultures, religion, faiths and intellects becomes essential; especially for multicultural societies. But the question that how practical is this mix, remains. What matters more- innate values or the learned? How accepting can societies really become? And how accepting can governments be? Do multicultural societies develop norms of their own or adapt norms of all or none or of the powerful?